CS034 Wiltshire Soldiers Wounded in the Civil War

Description

Wiltshire Soldiers Wounded in the English Civil War, Petitions for Parliamentarian and Royalist Pensions

Originally Quarter Sessions considered each application in detail with supporting evidence from the soldier’s military commander and local dignitaries. Again, this was more than the full meeting of Quarter Sessions could deal with.

In 1662, the petitions were first referred to local JPs to vet and to make recommendations. The early minutes in the Quarter Sessions Order Book give quite full details of the application including the soldier’s service and injuries. But, after the JP referral system was introduced, only a list of names, place of residence and amount of pension granted is recorded.Widows of soldiers killed in the war could also apply. The list contains 18 women: eleven widows and one mother on the Parliamentary side and five widows and one daughter on the Royalist side.

The total number of pensions awarded, recorded in the Order Books, was 408: 70 Parliamentary and 338 Royalist. It is not clear why there was such an imbalance. Also, no geographical division in the county is evident. But the very large numbers involved must have had an impact on local communities – Enford, for example, had twelve injured soldiers, while Mere had 15.

Looking at individual names also suggests that, in a number of cases, several members of the same family were injured and pensioned.There are two main series in the Quarter Sessions. The original are in the minute books or entry books and the Great Rolls or Session bundles.

The original orders, together with supporting documents, were filed on the Great Rolls and both series should be used in conjunction with each other to pursue lines of research as thoroughly as possible.

Download Specific Description

This publication is presented in a public domain format (pdf) file which can be read by the program Adobe Acrobat Reader or any other program that will read pdf files.
Searching can be undertaken by using the built in Adobe Reader search facility. Windows users can use bookmarks to drill down to individual index entries or to the nearest year for events in the transcripts. For Apple Mac users the file should open in Preview. Click the View button and select Table of Contents.
The file can be copied, printed and notes added, but cannot be changed.
As with any publication with transcribed or extracted data users are advised to consult the original material, which is at the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre.
Please inform Wiltshire FHS of any errors or omissions, either by writing to Wiltshire FHS Publications, Unit 3, Bath Road Business Centre, Devizes SN10 1XA or emailing publications@wiltshirefhs.co.uk

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£5.00

Supplied by: Wiltshire Family History Society

Format: Book

Product Ref: WIL-B080